Grammatische Merkmale: Genitiv Plural des Substantivs Azerbejdżanin; Akkusativ Plural des Substantivs Azerbejdżanin. Azerbejdżan ist eine flektierte Form von. Gruzja Armenia Azerbejdzan Praktyczny przewodnik: pinkaminka.nl: Opracowanie zbiorowe: Fremdsprachige Bücher. Gruzja i Armenia oraz Azerbejdzan Przewodnik: Magiczne Zakaukazie | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf. Aserbaidschan (aserbaidschanisch Azərbaycan, amtlich Republik Aserbaidschan, aserbaidschanisch Azərbaycan Respublikası) ist ein Staat in Vorderasien mit. Zapierajace dech w piersiach piekno przyrody, niezwykle goscinni ludzie, urocze prowincjonalne miasteczka oraz kosmopolityczne stolice panstw czynia z.
pl Wewnętrzne metody wdrażania wprowadzone przez Azerbejdżan kładły główny nacisk na procedury przetargowe i wydatkowanie pomocy UE (13 mln euro). Azerbejdzan. April 20, admin. Geographically speaking, the nations of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan lie between the Black Sea to the west and the. Zapierajace dech w piersiach piekno przyrody, niezwykle goscinni ludzie, urocze prowincjonalne miasteczka oraz kosmopolityczne stolice panstw czynia z.
Azerbejdzan - InhaltsverzeichnisTschechisch Wörterbücher. Der Aras bildet die Grenze zum Iran. Cornell: Azerbaijan since independence. November ]. Die intern Vertriebenen aus der Bergkarabach-Region bedeuten einen finanziellen Aufwand für Aserbaidschan. Angeblich engagiert sich Aserbaidschan für Demokratie, Rechtsstaatlichkeit und die Menschenrechte. Es hat Sitze, die seit nach einem Mehrheitswahlsystem für eine Periode von fünf Jahren gewählt werden.
The Azerbaijani carpet is a traditional handmade textile of various sizes, with a dense texture and a pile or pile-less surface, whose patterns are characteristic of Azerbaijan's many carpet-making regions.
Azerbaijan has been since ancient times known as a center of a large variety of crafts. The archeological dig on the territory of Azerbaijan testifies to the well-developed agriculture, stock raising, metalworking, pottery, ceramics, and carpet-weaving that date as far back as to the 2nd millennium BC.
Azerbaijani carpets can be categorized under several large groups and a multitude of subgroups. Scientific research of the Azerbaijani carpet is connected with the name of Latif Kerimov , a prominent scientist and artist.
It was his classification that related the four large groups of carpets with the four geographical zones of Azerbaijan, Guba-Shirvan, Ganja-Kazakh, Karabakh and Tabriz.
The traditional cuisine is famous for an abundance of vegetables and greens used seasonally in the dishes. Fresh herbs, including mint, cilantro coriander , dill, basil, parsley, tarragon, leeks, chives, thyme, marjoram, green onion, and watercress, are very popular and often accompany main dishes on the table.
Climatic diversity and fertility of the land are reflected in the national dishes, which are based on fish from the Caspian Sea , local meat mainly mutton and beef , and an abundance of seasonal vegetables and greens.
Saffron-rice plov is the flagship food in Azerbaijan and black tea is the national beverage. Azerbaijani architecture typically combines elements of East and West.
Among other architectural treasures are Quadrangular Castle in Mardakan , Parigala in Yukhary Chardaglar , a number of bridges spanning the Aras River, and several mausoleums.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, little monumental architecture was created, but distinctive residences were built in Baku and elsewhere.
Among the most recent architectural monuments, the Baku subways are noted for their lavish decor.
The task for modern Azerbaijani architecture is diverse application of modern aesthetics, the search for an architect's own artistic style and inclusion of the existing historico-cultural environment.
Azerbaijani art includes one of the oldest art objects in the world, which were discovered as Gamigaya Petroglyphs in the territory of Ordubad Rayon are dated back to the 1st to 4th centuries BC.
About dislodged and carved rock paintings with images of deer, goats, bulls, dogs, snakes, birds, fantastic beings and also people, carriages and various symbols had been found out on basalt rocks.
Over the centuries, Azerbaijani art has gone through many stylistic changes. Azerbaijani painting is traditionally characterized by a warmth of colour and light, as exemplified in the works of Azim Azimzade and Bahruz Kangarli , and a preoccupation with religious figures and cultural motifs.
The film industry in Azerbaijan dates back to In fact, Azerbaijan was among the first countries involved in cinematography. Just like today, the oil industry attracted foreigners eager to invest and to work.
This also influenced the creation of Azerbaijani animation. In December , the former President of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, signed a decree proclaiming 2 August to be the professional holiday of filmmakers of Azerbaijan.
Today Azerbaijani filmmakers are again dealing with issues similar to those faced by cinematographers prior to the establishment of the Soviet Union in Once again, both choices of content and sponsorship of films are largely left up to the initiative of the filmmaker.
The Constitution of Azerbaijan claims to guarantee freedom of speech, but this is denied in practice.
After several years of decline in press and media freedom, in , the media environment in Azerbaijan deteriorated rapidly under a governmental campaign to silence any opposition and criticism, even while the country led the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe May—November Spurious legal charges and impunity in violence against journalists have remained the norm.
According to the Freedom House Freedom of the Press report , Azerbaijan's press freedom status is "not free," and Azerbaijan ranks th out of countries.
Christianity is officially recognized, but in practice it is often oppressed. All religious communities are required to register to be allowed to meet, under the risk of imprisonment.
This registration is often denied. During the last few years, [ when? Azerbaijan had the biggest number of journalists imprisoned in Europe in , according to the Committee to Protect Journalists , and is the 5th most censored country in the world, ahead of Iran and China.
A report by an Amnesty International researcher in October points to ' Sadly Azerbaijan has been allowed to get away with unprecedented levels of repression and in the process almost wipe out its civil society'.
Human rights organizations remained unable to resume their work. At least 18 prisoners of conscience remained in detention at the end of the year.
Reprisals against independent journalists and activists persisted both in the country and abroad, while their family members also faced harassment and arrests.
International human rights monitors were barred and expelled from the country. Reports of torture and other ill-treatment persisted.
Leaked data shows that the Azerbaijani leadership, accused of serial human rights abuses, systemic corruption and rigging elections, made more than 16, covert payments from to Some of this money went to politicians and journalists, as part of an international lobbying operation to deflect criticism of Azerbaijan's president, Ilham Aliyev, and to promote a positive image of his oil-rich country.
Freestyle wrestling has been traditionally regarded as Azerbaijan's national sport , in which Azerbaijan won up to fourteen medals , including four golds since joining the International Olympic Committee.
Currently, the most popular sports include football and wrestling. Football is the most popular sport in Azerbaijan, and the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan with 9, registered players, is the largest sporting association in the country.
Azerbaijan is one of the traditional powerhouses of world chess,  having hosted many international chess tournaments and competitions and became European Team Chess Championship winners in , and As of [update] , country's home of Shamkir Chess a category 22 event and one of the highest rated tournaments of all time.
Azerbaijan Women's Volleyball Super League is one of strongest women leagues in world. Its women's national team came fourth at the European Championship.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the independent country in the Caucasus. For other uses, see Azerbaijan disambiguation.
Country in the Caucasus. National emblem. Location of Azerbaijan green with Nagorno-Karabakh [a] light green. Further information: Atropatene , Caucasian Albania , and Azerbaijan toponym.
Main article: History of Azerbaijan. Further information: Caucasian Albania. See also: Extreme points of Azerbaijan.
Main article: Wildlife of Azerbaijan. Further information: Fauna of Azerbaijan and Flora of Azerbaijan. Main article: Politics of Azerbaijan.
See also: Elections in Azerbaijan and Human rights in Azerbaijan. Main article: Foreign relations of Azerbaijan. See also: Azerbaijan and the European Union.
Main article: Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan. Largest cities or towns in Azerbaijan Demographic statistics according to the administrative divisions , Azerbaijan State Statistics Committee.
Main article: Azerbaijani Armed Forces. Main article: Economy of Azerbaijan. Main article: Energy in Azerbaijan. Further information: Petroleum industry in Azerbaijan.
Main article: Agriculture in Azerbaijan. Main article: Tourism in Azerbaijan. Main articles: Transportation in Azerbaijan and Rail transport in Azerbaijan.
Main article: Demographics of Azerbaijan. Further information: Ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan. Main article: List of cities in Azerbaijan. Main article: Languages of Azerbaijan.
Main articles: Religion in Azerbaijan and Freedom of religion in Azerbaijan. Main article: Education in Azerbaijan. Main articles: Culture of Azerbaijan and Literature of Azerbaijan.
Main articles: Music of Azerbaijan and Azerbaijani dances. Main article: Azerbaijani literature. Main article: Azerbaijani folk art.
Main article: Azerbaijani cuisine. Main article: Architecture of Azerbaijan. Main article: Visual arts of Azerbaijan. Main articles: Media of Azerbaijan and Media freedom in Azerbaijan.
Main article: Human rights in Azerbaijan. Main article: Sport in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan portal Europe portal Asia portal. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
Retrieved 23 February In Elgie, Robert ; Moestrup, Sophia eds. Semi-Presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia. London: Palgrave Macmillan published 15 May LaPorte examines the dynamics of semi-presidentialism in Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan's regime is a curious hybrid, in which semi-presidential institutions operate in the larger context of authoritarianism.
The author compares formal Constitutional provisions with the practice of politics in the country, suggesting that formal and informal sources of authority come together to enhance the effective powers of the presidency.
In addition to the considerable formal powers laid out in the Constitution, Azerbaijan's president also benefits from the support of the ruling party and informal family and patronage networks.
LaPorte concludes by discussing the theoretical implications of this symbiosis between formal and informal institutions in Azerbaijan's semi-presidential regime.
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The Jakarta Post. Azerbaijan Since Independence. Indicative of general regional trends and a natural reemergence of previously oppressed religious identity, an increasingly popular ideological basis for the pursuit of political objectives has been Islam The government, for its part, has shown an official commitment to Islam by building mosques and respecting Islamic values Unofficial Islamic groups sought to use aspects of Islam to mobilize the population and establish the foundations for a future political struggle Unlike Turkey, Azerbaijan does not have the powerful ideological legacy of secularism All major political forces are committed to secularism and are based, if anything, on a nationalist agenda.
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Until , when the Musavat regime decided to name the newly independent state Azerbaijan, this designation had been used exclusively to identify the Iranian province of Azerbaijan.
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The region to the north of the river Araxes was not called Azerbaijan prior to , unlike the region in northwestern Iran that has been called since so long ago.
Tauris and Company. In the post Islamic sense, Arran and Shirvan are often distinguished, while in the pre-Islamic era, Arran or the western Caucasian Albania roughly corresponds to the modern territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In the Soviet era, in a breathtaking manipulation, historical Azerbaijan northwestern Iran was reinterpreted as "South Azerbaijan" in order for the Soviets to lay territorial claim on historical Azerbaijan proper which is located in modern-day northwestern Iran.
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The Lake Gokcha occupation clearly showed that it was Russia and not Iran which initiated hostilities and breached Golestan and that Iran was left with no choice but to come up with a proper response.
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Baku also has a thriving International Centre of Mugham , which is located in Baku Boulevard , Gulustan Palace and Buta Palace , one of the principal performing arts centres and music venues in the city.
Baku is also featured in the video game Battlefield 4. Baku boasts a vibrant nightlife. Many clubs that are open until dawn can be found throughout the city.
Clubs with an eastern flavour provide special treats from the cuisine of Azerbaijan along with local music. Western-style clubs target younger, more energetic crowds.
Baku is home to restaurants catering to every cuisine and occasion. Restaurants range from luxurious and expensive to ordinary and affordable.
In the Lonely Planet " Ultimate Experiences", Baku placed 8th among the top 10 party cities in the world. Baku has large sections of greenery either preserved by the National Government or designated as green zones.
The city, however, continues to lack a green belt development as economic activity pours into the capital, resulting in massive housing projects along the suburbs.
Baku Boulevard is a pedestrian promenade that runs parallel to Baku's seafront. The boulevard contains an amusement park, yacht club , musical fountain , statues and monuments.
The park is popular with dog-walkers and joggers, and is convenient for tourists. It is adjacent to the newly built International Centre of Mugham and the musical fountain.
The Martyrs' Lane , formerly the Kirov Park, is dedicated to the memory of those who lost their lives during the Nagorno-Karabakh War and also to the people killed on Black January.
The first was the European Grand Prix , with the track going around the old city. The track measures 6. Since , Baku has hosted 36 major sporting events and selected to host the European Games.
Baku is also one of world's leading chess centres, having produced famous grandmasters like Teimour Radjabov , Vugar Gashimov , Garry Kasparov , Shahriyar Mammadyarov and Rauf Mammadov , as well as the arbiter Faik Hasanov.
Baku made a bid to host the Summer Olympics and Summer Olympics ,  but failed to become a Candidate City both times. The largest sport hub in the city is Baku Olympic Stadium with 68, seating capacity whose construction was completed in The city's second largest stadium, Tofiq Bahramov Stadium hosts a number of domestic and international competitions and was the main sport centre of the city for a long period until the construction of Baku Olympic Stadium.
Throughout history the transport system of Baku used the now-defunct horsecars , trams and narrow gauge railways. As of [update] , 1, black cabs are ordered by Baku Taxi Company, and as part of a programme originally announced by the Transport Ministry of Azerbaijan, there is a plan to introduce London cabs into Baku.
Local rail transport includes the Baku Funicular and the Baku Metro , a rapid-transit system notable for its art, murals, mosaics and ornate chandeliers.
Baku Metro was opened in November and includes 3 lines and 25 stations at present; million people used Baku Metro over the past five years. These will serve the new bus complex as well as the international airport.
BakuCard is a single Smart Card for payment on all types of city transport. The intercity buses and metro use this type of card-based fare-payment system.
Baku Railway Station is the terminus for national and international rail links to the city. The Kars—Tbilisi—Baku railway , which directly connects Turkey , Georgia and Azerbaijan , began to be constructed in and opened in Sea transport is vital for Baku, as the city is practically surrounded by the Caspian Sea to the east.
Baku Port was founded in and since then has been the largest Caspian Sea port. It has six facilities: the main cargo terminal, the container terminal, the ferry terminal, the oil terminal, the passenger terminal and the port fleet terminal.
The port's throughput capacity reaches 15 million tonness of liquid bulk and up to 10 million tons of dry cargoes. The construction will take place in three stages and will be completed by The motorway network around Baku is well developed and is constantly being extended.
The new Baku Cargo Terminal was officially opened in March It was constructed to be a major cargo hub in the CIS countries and is actually now one of the biggest and most technically advanced in the region.
Baku hosts many universities, junior colleges and vocational schools. Baku State University , the first established university in Azerbaijan was opened in by the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
After when Azerbaijan gained independence from the Soviet Union, the fall of communism led to the development of a number of private institutions, including Qafqaz University and Khazar University which are considered the most prestigious academic institutions.
Apart from the private universities, the government established the Academy of Public Administration , the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy and various military academies.
Publicly run kindergartens and elementary schools years 1 through 11 are operated by local wards or municipal offices.
The Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences , the main state research organisation in Azerbaijan is locating in Baku as well. Moreover, Baku has numerous libraries, many of which contain vast collections of historic documents from the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Soviet periods, as well as from other civilisations of the past.
The city has many public and private hospitals, clinics and laboratories within its bounds and numerous medical research centres.
Because of its intermittent periods of great prosperity as well as being the largest city in the Caucasus and one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse in the Soviet Union, Baku prides itself on having produced a disproportionate number of notable figures in the sciences, arts and other fields.
Some of the houses they resided in display commemorative plaques. World-famous cellist Mstislav Rostropovich was born and raised in Baku, as was world-famous chess player Garry Kasparov.
Lotfi A. Zadeh , artificial intelligence researcher, founder of fuzzy mathematics , fuzzy set theory, and fuzzy logic. Kerim Kerimov , one of the founders of the Soviet space program.
Garry Kasparov , chess grandmaster , former World Chess Champion. Mikayil Mushfig , Bakuvian poet and victim of the Stalinist purges.
Tofiq Bahramov , a Soviet footballer and football referee from Azerbaijan. Mstislav Rostropovich , Grammy Award —winning cellist.
Baku is twinned with:   [in chronological order]. Old Baku " Icheri Sheher ". Baku Opera and Ballet Theatre.
Ismailiyya building. Fountain and Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall. View of Baku taken from the International Space Station. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Baku disambiguation. Capital of Azerbaijan. Place in Azerbaijan. Capital city of Azerbaijan. Coat of arms.
Main articles: History of Baku and Timeline of Baku. See also: Shirvanshah. Main article: Petroleum industry in Azerbaijan.
Main article: Economy of Baku. Skyscrapers in Baku. Flame Towers. Villa Petrolea. Main article: Architecture in Baku.
See also: List of universities in Baku. Main article: List of people from Baku. Further information: Category:People from Baku.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Azerbaijan. Nizami Street. Maiden Tower. Icheri Sheher.
Baku seaside Boulevard. Azerbaijan's Flag. Palace of Happiness. Fountains Square. Rashid Behbudov Street. Azerbaijan portal.
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